First, let’s review what we *think* we know. Ben Bernanke became, as Felix Zulauf noted, the first central banker in history to actually say that he wants stock prices to go up. And boost stock prices he did!
Along with food prices…and energy prices…and other stock markets…etc. We haven’t seen much inflation here in the US because, as I learned last month while traveling in Asia, inflation has been America’s leading export over the last year!
The growing, industrializing countries in Asia – which on the whole boast more favorable, and inflationary, demographics than we have in the Western world (especially Europe and the US) – have been bearing the brunt of Bernanke’s QE. Here in the US, we’ve been getting squeezed on higher food and energy prices – but service based prices, and wages, have been largely stagnant, as there’s no pricing power.
Looking ahead over the next 5-10 years, there are fundamental reasons why Asia should continue to grow, and why food and energy prices should continue to climb. There are also fundamental reasons why Europe and the US will probably be slow growth economies at best, and why their aging populations will exert some natural deflationary headwinds on their economies (much like Japan post-1990).
The wild card, of course, is money printing. Bernanke sure made me, and other debt deflationists, look foolish over the last 24 months. The correct play was to purchase traditional inflation hedges – like commodities and gold – when the money printing started.
And over the next 5-10 years, I think it’s highly likely that we’ll see more rounds of QE. Sentiment is now against the Fed continuing to print, but when things roll over again, they’ll probably be able to garner enough support to turn on the printing presses again.
QE2, to me, was crazy. In retrospect, the kickoff of QE2 should have been a glaring red flag that everyone was on tilt. The world was not ending. But a 20% drop in stocks put the fear of God into the Fed that if they didn’t “do something”, financial rapture would be upon us.
History appears to be rhyming here. Andrew Dickson White’s excellent Fiat Money Inflation in France (hat tip Dr. Evil for the rec) profiles the political roadmap behind France’s classic hyperinflation of the late 1790’s. They printed once – and the economy looked a little better. They stopped, and things turned down.
So, they printed a second time. And things got a little better, but not as much as the first time. Gee, who knew finance was like heroin!
But now, the French government was hooked – they printed til, as Jim Rogers would say, they ran out of trees.
I don’t know of a historical example of a government printing money once, and then stopping. It’s an addiction that is very hard to break. So, over the long term, continued money printing appears to be the most likely scenario.
But what about the short term? We very well could get another bout of deflation. And with commodities and stocks looking winded after a 2+ year one way run to the sky, this might not be the best time to pile into inflation hedges.
Net-net, we are fortunate in investing that we don’t have to make every trade. I like Jim Rogers’ take on agriculture the best. Over the next 10 years, it has bullish fundamentals. Prices will continue to rise until new supply comes on line – and that takes time.
Continued money printing will, unfortunately for the world but fortunately for us ag investors, add some very volatile fuel to price increases in the grains.
In summary, inflation or deflation? It depends – and really, it doesn’t matter either. Medium to long term, prices of food and energy will continue to rise, until new supply comes on line. Emerging and growth markets will have to contend with inflation, while Japan, Europe, and the US will probably see a dichotomy of inflation and deflation. Until and unless we see “QE Infinite” as Marc Faber is fond of saying.
Regardless of how this all plays out, agriculture appears to be the most sound bet on the board to me.
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